Adolescents' social and emotional well-being is closely linked to what they believe about other peoples' perceptions. Adolescents are inclined to be more conscious of the opinions of those around them, especially their peers. Elkind (1981) referred to the tendency to be preoccupied with what others think as the "imaginary audience" phenomenon. Many adolescents believe that in social situations, all attention is focused on them. As a consequence, they may be overly sensitive. They may react emotionally to kidding, for example, and often hold on to personal feelings of anger or embarrassment. Although students become more socially oriented during the period of adolescence, their perspectives remain predominantly "me centered" and limited.
However, not all students find traditional outlining easy. For more visual learners, starting with a concept map or idea map feels more natural and makes the process more manageable. Inspiration Software recognizes that not every student learns in the same way. Inspiration, Kidspiration and Webspiration Classroom all contain integrated Outline and Diagram views . Students can begin the writing process with ease after visually developing and organizing information in Diagram View then, transform their diagrams into structured outlines with one click.
Longer essays may also contain an introductory page that defines words and phrases of the essay's topic. Most academic institutions require that all substantial facts, quotations, and other porting material in an essay be referenced in a bibliography or works cited page at the end of the text. This scholarly convention helps others (whether teachers or fellow scholars) to understand the basis of facts and quotations the author uses to support the essay's argument and helps readers evaluate to what extent the argument is supported by evidence, and to evaluate the quality of that evidence. The academic essay tests the student's ability to present their thoughts in an organized way and is designed to test their intellectual capabilities.